Managing Excessive Waste Nutrients is a Colossal Problem!

Farms and Food & Beverage Industries are under strict regulations for waste management - still, unmanageable algae blooms from excessive waste nutrients are causing human and environmental health issues as well as losses in water related industries and related real estate businesses. THEY ARE ALL SEEKING A BETTER SOLUTION!

Livestock and poultry on the largest factory farms produced 369 million tons of manure in 2012 — almost 13 times more than the 312 million people in the United States. [1] This 13.8 billion cubic feet of manure is enough to fill the Dallas Cowboys stadium 133 times. [2] The household waste produced in most U.S. communities is treated in municipal sewer systems, but factory farm manure is stored in lagoons and ultimately applied, untreated, to farm fields as fertilizer (Food & Water Watch). Globally, about one-third of food is wasted: 1.6bn tonnes of produce a year, with a value of about $1tn. If this wasted food were stacked in 20-cubic metre skips, it would fill 80m of them, enough to reach all the way to the moon, and encircle it once [3].

[1] USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service. 2012 Census of Agriculture. United States Summary and State Data at Tables 11, 12 and 20; Food & Water Watch calculation comparing human and livestock waste production based on EPA (2004) at 9.
[2] USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. “Agricultural Waste Management Field Handbook.” Chapter 4, Agricultural Waste Characteristics. March 2008 at 4-12 to 4-20; Dallas Cowboys. [Press release]. “Dallas Cowboys Stadium Design Statement.” December 12, 2006.
[3] Half of all US food produce is thrown away.The Guardian. Jul 2016

Photo Source: Food & Water Watch

What is the Great Lakes Cleanup Plan?

02/03/2015 by Stephen Knoff,

More than 1,500 parties from across the Great Lakes, including national, state, and tribal governments in Canada and the United States, formed a Great Lakes task force in 2004, prompted by these concerns. This was to cost as much as $20 billion over 20 years.

Florida Lake Okeechobee: a Time Warp for Polluted Water

08/13/2016 By Jenny Staletovich, Miami Herald

All together, sugar farmers have spent about $260 million on clean up, largely by keeping water on farms, cleaning out ditches where phosphorus-rich soil settles.

Toxic Algae Bloom Leaves 500,000 Without Drinking Water in Ohio

08/03/2014 by Stefanie Spear,

Canada and the United States signed the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement and spent billions restoring the lakes, reducing phosphorus loading in Lake Erie by 60 percent.

Environmental Legislative Preview: Lake Cleanup

01/12/2017 by Mike Polhamus, Bennington Banner

The latest figures suggest meeting federal lake pollution standards will cost in excess of $100 million a year over 20 years.

Our Solution: GSR Nutrient Recovery Value Platform

GSR's patent pending, scalable, bolt-on platform changes the waste nutrient management game - it converts the enormously growing problem of excessive nutrients into an enormous opportunity by generating new revenue sources from recovered nutrients and saves the treatment costs anywhere - nationwide and worldwide. GSR's process combines cutting edge technological advances with mass production of the fastest growing biomass feeding on excess nutrients to convert them into valued products for the fastest growing food, water, and energy markets.

Food & beverage Industries and Livestock farms generating wastes and effluents containing excessive nutrients are our potential partners. They are required to meet standards for the handling and recycling of wastewater nutrients per guidelines from state and federal regulatory agencies.


We provide GSR-AD-BOLTTM , GSR-FLOTM , and GSR-BCTM options to host sites to address their needs


The GSR-AD-BOLTTM system is designed to benefit dairy farms, industries (such as food & beverage and breweries), and municipalities operating anaerobic digesters. GSR-AD-BOLTTM is efficient in recovering nitrogen and phosphorus from digested effluent, further reducing the Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) of anaerobically treated effluent, enabling the production of valued byproducts including soil amendments, fertilizer, and fuel. This system enhances the economic and environmental performance of digesters as demonstrated in our pilot trials utilizing dairy and industrial effluents, supported by our partners.

Current Project Sites: A dairy farm operation and a planned community scale biodigester (Agreements/MoU in place)

Our partner farm site hosting an anaerobic digester system

Photo Source: Google Maps

Our industry partner Green Mountain Power is planning to build a community digester that will serve three St. Albans farms.

Photo Source: Green Mountain Power Google Map in VPR News


The GSR FLOTM system is designed to recover nutrients without going through the anaerobic digestion process to address hosting sites that have no on-site operating digesters. The current potential sites are dairy farms, industries (such as food & beverage and breweries), and municipalities. GSR-FLOTM is efficient in recovering nitrogen and phosphorus, further reduces the Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) of waste effluent significantly, and produces valued byproducts including fertilizer and fuel, as demonstrated in our pilot trials utilizing dairy and industrial effluents.

Current Project Sites: A dairy farm operation and a brewery, (Agreements in place)


The GSR BCTM process is designed to utilize biochar produced from any type of biomass such as wood and crop residues - both field or processing residues, yard, food waste, animal manure, municipal waste, etc. Biochar is made utilizing a thermal decomposition of biomass via pyrolysis or gasification. The gaseous and liquid byproducts are used for producing biofuel. GSR utilizes biochar or biochar-like materials in its processes and for producing a variety of products for the agriculture industry, especially for enhancing soil health.

How Our Technology Works

The commonly used anaerobic biodigester systems for the treatment of waste are effective mostly in treating the biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), but not nutrient (nitrogen and phosphorus) removal. This effluent coming out of biodigesters needs to be further treated before it can be recycled at the farm or discharged into water streams as per water quality regulations, and several host sites cannot manage such a system. GSR's bio-based technology serves sites with or without a digester. After the pre-treatment process, GSR utilizes advanced microbial-based biomass, which is relatively quick to grow, as its microalgal component captures nutrients and carbon dioxide, and utilizes the symbiotic potential between microbial communities. This bio-based process is responsible for the removal of effluent components from wastewater. The mature biomass material is separated and processed into target molecules and products, and the clean water is recycled. Some of our proprietary processes also utilize other bio-based materials like biochar.

Images: © GSR Solutions LLC